Tooth fillings are the first line of defense against tooth decay. Tooth decay is caused by acid produced by oral bacteria. These microorganisms feed on the food particles left on the surface of the teeth after a meal, convert the sugar in the food into acid, and corrode tooth enamel.
These acids cause the formation of holes, called cavities. If left untreated, these holes will continue to expand until the pulp cavity is damaged or damaged to the point of tooth loss.
Once the pulp cavity is damaged, the tooth is susceptible to infection. Oral infections are not a big problem in early treatment, but it can spread to other parts of the body, such as the brain, where it can be life-threatening.
Are you ready to get rid of the pain and tooth sensitivity caused by tooth decay? Here are some of the best options for dental filling materials:
1.Silver amalgam fillings
In the past 150 years, amalgam fillings have been the most popular treatment for dental caries.
This material is made of a mixture of metals such as silver, mercury and copper. It provides a longer-lasting type of dental filling that can last up to 15 years. However, the amalgam filling has a distinct dark gray, so any repairs made with it are easy to spot. Silver amalgam fillings are effective in filling cavities, but they can cause an unsightly appearance, and they contain the toxic substance mercury
2.Composite resin filler
In recent years, composite resin filler has become the most popular dental caries filler. The composite material used is a mixture of plastic and glass. This material can easily match the color of the patient’s teeth, resulting in restorations that are almost impossible to detect when worn.
It takes about 45 minutes to use the composite resin for each tooth, and it can be completed in each visit. Repairs using composite resin can last up to 5 years, and composite materials can be repaired as needed
These types of fillers can bring the most pleasing aesthetic effects. Ceramics have a natural white color, and they have the same characteristics as real teeth, such as translucency.
Ceramic fillers are usually made in the laboratory based on patient dental impressions. These fillings are commonly referred to as onlays and inlays, and are usually used when the patient’s teeth are severely damaged and conventional fillings cannot be performed.
Another benefit of ceramic fillers is that they resist stains. This makes it easier for teeth restored with ceramic fillings to look pearly white
4.Plastic/glass ionomer fillings
These fillings release fluoride into the teeth being treated, helping to prevent further tooth decay. Although it cannot achieve the best aesthetic effect, it is very good for decayed deciduous teeth