Acrylic Denture – Definitive Guide
1. Types of acrylic dentures
Acrylic dentures help patients restore functionality and aesthetics to their smile. There are several types of dentures below.
For full jaw missing teeth, patients may need full dentures (or complete dentures). Acrylic full dentures are custom made for your mouth, after all your teeth are missing (or have been extracted). They cover the entire upper or lower jaw in an arch. They can be removable or attached to your jaws with dental implants.
Acrylic partial dentures are a great alternative, when a person still has some natural teeth, but the missing teeth are not enough for a full denture. Partial dentures have a distinct advantage. They can attach to the remaining teeth to increase retention.
When a tooth needs to be extracted, installing acrylic dentures right after teeth extraction can solve the problem immediately. Immediate dentures allow you to go to clinical appointments with new smile. Once the damaged tooth is removed, the denture is ready to wear instantly. You can start adjusting to your new smile right away.
Removable over-dentures are also known as removable implant over dentures. Normally, implants are inserted in the jawbone. After the gume tissue has healed, implants can connect to locators or implant bars that will firmly attach to full dentures. Patients can attach or disattach over dentures by themselves anytime and enywhere. This ensures that retention is great, and the denture can have much better functionality. This also ensures that the denture can be removed for daily cleaning.
Acrylic fixed dentures are a hybrid of acrylic dentures and implant bars. They are also called All-on-4 implants, because they are screwed into four implants, which are placed in the jawbone. Fixed dentures look and function similar to a removable implant over-denture. However, fixed dentures are screw retained and supported by implants, so they cannot be removed by patients for daily cleaning.
2. Advantages of Acrylic Dentures
Dentures wear and tear just like anything you use every day. If your dentures are cracked or chipped, it can be dangerous to continue wearing them, so you should seek repairs as soon as possible. Robust dental technicians can easily repair any cracks or breakages by flowing new acrylic into the cracks.
Easy to add more teeth
Due to the high plasticity of the acrylic material, new acrylic teeth can be added into the acrylic base. This makes acrylic dentures especially popular for those who need partial dentures but may lose more natural teeth in the future. That way, every time you lose a tooth, you don’t have to get a new denture.
Acrylic dentures cost a lot less than metal framework dentures and flexible dentures. This makes acrylic dentures a more affordable option, especially for denture wearers who are still losing natural teeth and may need to adjust their dentures in the future.
3. Disadvantages of Acrylic Dentures
- They are thicker and wider than flexible dentures, which gives a less natural appearance and may cause speaking difficulties.
- Acrylic material is not very durable. Normally, an acrylic denture should be replaced in every 2 years, even under the right care.
- They change shape over time, so more adjustments are required over time.
- Their biting force is limited, making it more difficult to tear and chew food.
4. How to Care for Acrylic Dentures
If you are new to dentures, it will take some time getting used to because dentures are not fixed. During the first few weeks, you may need to practice using, eating and speaking with your dentures.
If you have an acrylic full denture without any implant retention, the denture can move and slide when speaking and chewing. You may use dental adhesives and you will usually need to visit your dentist for a periodontal examination to adjust the entire denture, as the bone/gums of the denture can shrink and change over time.
Taking care of your new dentures is just as important as cleaning your natural teeth. Dentures can be easily cleaned with a regular toothbrush and toothpaste (there is also a special denture cleaner). By making sure you clean them regularly, you’ll help protect them from any build-up of plaque. Daily cleaning can also prevent bacteria from growing on their surfaces.
Be careful when cleaning as they are not very durable and could break if dropped from a height. An acrylic denture will need to be replaced once it is deformed, broken or uncomfortable. Therefore, we recommend that you wash them in a sink full of water.
Most of the time, you don’t sleep with your dentures on. This is because it is recommended not to cover the gums all the time. But it’s important that you put your dentures in a glass of water so they don’t dry out.